#MakeThemSmallAgain: Index of Discriminatory Political Parties in Europe

In the run-up to the 2019 Europeasan Parliamentary Elections, UNITED for Intercultural Action launched the #MakeThemSmallAgain campaign.

Thanks to our European network of activists, we have collected European Union-wide data on discriminatory parties and politicians running for the elections. Thereby, we are building an index of political parties that we, UNITED across Europe, do not want to see in the European Parliament, because they are campaigning on hate and intolerance towards European minorities – including migrants, refugees, Muslims, people of African descent, Jews, Roma, LGBT+ and disabled people. We have particularly paid close attention to reporting the parties featuring nationalist, radical right, far-right, neo-fascist and neo-Nazi ideologies.

Together, let’s spread this information before the 2019 European Parliamentary Elections, in order to make clear who is threatening to dismantle our European values of equality, respect and solidarity.

Together, let’s #MakeThemSmallAgain!


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UNITED has made its best to build this index, compiling accurate information and evidence. However, should you spot any mistake or approximation, please let us know at epelections@unitedagainstracism.org.

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You can keep sending us any additional data on a party, or contribute to add an entry to the index by filling in our form on parties and politicians who spread hatred and intolerance in Europe.


Austria

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FPÖ_UNITED 19EP Index Parties (15)

Description

The Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) has been involved in many scandals, due to its ties to Austrian extremist activists. Members of the FPÖ (among others their head, and vice-chancellor of Austria Heinz Christian Strache) were found in company of members of the “Identitäre Bewegung”, an Austrian extremist movement.

Austrian Interior Minister and member of the FPÖ, Herbert Kickl, is trying to drastically decrease the payment of asylum-seekers state support. He also aims to reintroduce preventive arrest, which would specifically target refugees and migrants.

The FPÖ mainly communicates through Facebook, and has its own TV channel, FPÖ-TV.

In the Media

Significance

The FPÖ is part of the Austrian government, forming a coalition with the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP).

At the 2017 Austrian legislative election, it scored 26%, and holds 51 out of 183 seats in the Austrian Parliament.

The FPÖ is also part of regional governments (Steiermark, Oberösterreich und Burgenland and City councils).

It is expected to get around 25% of the votes in the 2019 European Parliamentary Elections.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Belgium

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N-VA_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

The New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) is a Flemish nationalist, conservative political party in Belgium, founded in 2001. It is also a regionalist, separatist movement that self-identifies with the promotion of civic nationalism. It is part of the Flemish Movement, and strives for the peaceful and gradual secession of Flanders from Belgium.

In recent years it has become the largest party of Flanders, as well as of Belgium as a whole, and it participated in the 2014–18 Belgian Government until 9 December 2018.

The party has been described as moving ideologically further to the right under the leadership of Bart De Wever, with tougher stances on immigration, integration of minorities, security, crime and terrorism.

In 2018, the party opposed the Global Compact for Migration and subsequently withdrew its parliamentary support to the Belgian government in protest of its passing. The N-VA’s stance on the EU has also shifted from strongly pro-European to a position of soft Euroscepticism.

Significance

Since 2014, N-VA represents 20.32% of the federal Chamber of Representatives, and has been in coalition before it resigned. It had several (very active) politicians in the government.

N-VA obtained 31.88% of the votes in the 2014 regional Flemish parliament elections, making it the first political party in Flanders.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Bulgaria

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Attack_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Attack is a Bulgarian political party that uses populist messages to gain voters’ sympathy.

Since its establishment in 2005, Attack has followed a far-right line, supporting a pro-Russian political stance.

The party is represented in the Bulgarian parliament, and has its own media – a newspaper and a television.

Attack is politically oriented towards nationalism. In its agenda, there are proposals for radical changes to the constitution of the country, such as the institutionalisation of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the recognition of Orthodoxy as the only official religion in Bulgaria.

Another demand is the return of the death penalty for serious crimes, as well as Bulgaria’s exit of the NATO and the EU.

Attack has been initially represented in the European Parliament by its MP Dimitar Stoyanov. On several occasions, he argued with other European colleagues who accused Attack of incitement of “hatred towards minorities in Bulgaria” and support for national socialism.

Significance

From 2005 to 2017, Attack got between 11 and 15% of the votes on either national or European elections.

In the last national elections in 2017, it participated in coalition with two other nationalist parties under the name “Obedineni patrioti” (“United Patriots”). The coalition won 12% of the seats in the Bulgarian Parliament, and its leaders became ministers of key bodies – the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Defense.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Croatia

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NHR_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Independents for Croatia (NHR) promotes historical revisionism.

In her statement on May 8, on which day Croatian capital Zagreb was liberated from Ustaše (Independent State of Croatia, Nazi/fascist-puppet state), NHR’s president Bruna Esih expressed regret that Zagreb was occupied by the communists. With this statement, she “outed” the party as pro-fascist (or pro-Nazi, as Independent state of Croatia was both, with north occupied by Reich and south by Italy).

Earlier this year, party’s member Martin Pauk trivialised the hate crime committed in the center of the city of Split, when unidentified perpetrators threw Serbian water-polo players into the sea.

In November 2018, his statement about migrants was highly criticized:

“Illegal migrants represent a much greater risk than what is being shown in mainstream media. In spite of the enormous security problems that illegal migrants cause in destinations such as Sweden, Germany, Belgium and France, primarily in rape, homicide, rogue and robbery, most media such as TV channels and newspapers deliberately cover these facts and tragic events, ignore the truth and create the false impression of being “the poor, the refugees” who are all fleeing from the war, which is a notorious lie.”

“Since the illegal people do not respect the immigration laws of the countries they come in, and even the Croatian laws, in the second line, behind the wire and the border police, I would set up a well-supplied nudge machine gun and the most elite army lines, purely because the illegal people see the seriousness and understand that the Croats are not like the Swedes, and that we are prepared to defend the safety of our homes, cities, women, mothers and sisters.”

Significance

NHR’s president Bruna Esih and political secretary Zlatko Hasanbegović entered the national Parliament (Sabor) in the 2016 elections. They are also members of Zagreb assembly since the local elections in 2017.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Cyprus

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Czech Republic

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SPD_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

The Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD) party is led by Tomio Okamura.

Okamura is politically close to Geert Wilders (PVV, Netherlands) and Marine Le Pen (RN, France), whom he welcomed in Prague by the end of April 2019.

The PVV uses the politics of identity with a strong accent on Czech culture and way of life which it argues must be protected against immigration.

The immigration is seen as a source of violence, and is often pictured as orchestrated by foreign actors, such as the Muslim Brotherhood or EU elites.

It is an anti-establishment party, with three main political targets: the European Union (and the liberal elites in general), the migrants and refugees, as well as the people willing to welcome them, represented as traitors.

In the Media

Significance

In the 2017 elections, the SPD gained the fourth place in the Czech Parliament with 10 % of votes.

It is expected to get around 15% of votes during the 2019 European Parliamentary elections.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Denmark

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Estonia


EKRE_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

The Conservative People’s Party of Estonia (EKRE) is a far-right populist party.

It has regularly expressed discriminatory stances towards all Estonian society’s vulnerable groups.

The party’s Vice Chairman Mart Helme said he would like to live in a “white” country and called upon all “Blacks to go back” (in Estonian: “Kui on must, näita ust.”). He also showed disrespect towards women when calling Estonia’s first ever female president an “emotionally heated women”.

Party member Mart Järvik said he believed that Estonia is led by “secret Jews and Zionists” and suggested Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves could be a Jew and therefore cannot be trusted to lead the country.

Party member Jaak Madisson wrote in his blog that he believes Nazi Germany is often “misunderstood” and “despite games involving gas-chambers and concentration camps” the country actually had a very good economic system that helped Germany to overcome big difficulties.

He was seconded by another party member Kadri Vilba who argued that Hitler should get credit for building a great road system.

Ruuben Kaalep, a younger member of the party who was recently elected to the Parliament, praised Adolf Hitler at a town-hall square to people passing by and allegedly also waved the Nazi Germany flag. Upon signing off on becoming a member of the Parliament, he decided to make a hand gesture associated with white supremacy, also used by the Christchurch mosque attacker.

EKRE’s member Urmas Reitelmann wrote a blog post saying that there are 300 000 “parasitizing Russians” in Estonia.

In the Media

Significance

EKRE got 17.3% of votes in the last parliamentary election in 2019. This gave the party the third position after the Reform Party and the Center Party, and 19 seats in a Parliament out of 101.

EKRE was invited in the government by the Center Party and therefore also has ministerial positions at the moment.

In the 2017 local elections, EKRE got 6.7% of votes and 87 seats out of 1729 available at all municipalities.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Finland


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France


RN_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Until 2018 known as the National Front (FN).

The National Rally (RN) displays a very strong anti-migration rhetoric, advocating for a closed-border policy, remigration and deterrence policy as in Australia:

“The European Union will accelerate further the traffic [of migrants coming to Europe] by retrieving the illegal boats to bring them back to our shores! On the opposite side, by bringing them back to the port of origin, Australia shows zero deaths in its territorial waters since the application of a policy of deterrence.” (Marion Maréchal-Le Pen in the Assemblée nationale, 9 December 2014).

Traditions and (religious) values are on the background of non-acceptance of migrants. Yet, the recent years have seen a increase used in securitarian demands in relation to migrants, claiming that they are a threat for the society:

“When you go to Creteil, when you go to the places where the tragedies occur, you cannot, as the Minister of the Interior, know that there is a dangerous migratory flow in our country.” (Gilbert Collard in the Assemblée nationale, 9 December 2014).

The party has also been in many controversies related to anti-Semitic comments.

Significance

7 MPs in the National Assembly and 1 Senator in the Senate. Party has strong representation in regional councils. 15 MEPs in the EP / 74 French seats.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Germany

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AfD_UNITED 19EP Index Parties (3)

Description

Alternative for Germany (AfD) uses very harsh anti-migration rhetoric, advocating for a closed-border policy in Germany.

One of the main arguments used is the fact that migrants are taking the jobs of Germans in the job market, destroying Germany’s social system and values. Furthermore, traditional and religious references are always brought on the table when taking about migrants.

The party supports the Austrian presidency of the EU and publicly declared in a plenary session of the EP that Austria helped bringing the UN Global Compact on migration on the European agenda and did its best to stop it (15-01-2019 in the EP).

On the Global Compact the MEP from AfD declared it is a “left-Green-utopic lobby for migration” and that it is a suicidal pact for the EU (29-11-2018 in the EP).

The party is also firmly disapproving Islam’s presence in Europe, being therefore against Turkey’s membership in the EU. The party is discursively mixing Islam with terrorism, underlining that in opposition to Christianity or Judaism, Islam is all about radicalisation and violence. Security issues around the reception of migrants in Germany are very often stressed by AfD in this anti-Islam perspective.

In the AfD political manifesto for the EP elections 2019, the party wants to stop migration, prohibit a long-term “resettlement” of migrants in Europe and put in place re-migration programme. The party argues that the European migration crisis of 2015 brought increasing infections and diseases to Europe. The party thus favours a stronger protection of EU external borders by the FRONTEX EU agency and advocates for the decisions related to asylum and migration policies to be taken on the national level and not the European one.

Significance

AfD became the third-largest party in Germany after the 2017 federal elections with 91 seats our of 709 in the Bundestag (national parliament).

The party is very well represented in the Deutschen Landesparlamenten (states parliaments).

The party was previously in the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group, but was excluded in 2016 due to its cooperation with the Austrian party FPÖ (far-right). It subsequently joined the European Alliance of People and Nations (EFDD).


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Last update 18-05-2019

Greece


Golden Dawn_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Golden Dawn is an ultra-nationalist, far-right political party in Greece.

It was founded in 1985 by Nikolaos Michaloliakos, who is still its leader.

Scholars and media have described the party as neo-Nazi and fascist, though the group rejects these labels.

Several of Golden Dawn’s MPs and members were arrested after the 2013 murder of Pavlos Fyssas, an anti-fascist rapper, by a supporter of the party, on suspicion of forming a criminal organisation. The trial began on 20 April 2015 and is ongoing as of 2019.

Significance

In the last elections for the Hellenic Parliament in 2015, Golden Dawn won 18 seats out of 300, with 7.0% of the votes.

In the 2014 EP elections, it won 3 seats out of 21, with a total of 9.4% of the votes.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Hungary


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Ireland

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Italy

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CPI_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

CasaPound Italy (CPI) is an Italian neo-fascist political party.

Its name comes from Ezra Pound, an American writer supporting Hitler and Mussolini until the fall of the Italian Social Republic.

The political programme of CPI proposes to organise the Italian exit from the Eurozone and the European Union.

It stands against migration, and often organises demonstrations against reception centres. It also advocates the idea that the immigrants who do not work and do not have an accommodation should be repatriated to their country of origin.

In 2017, Luca Marsella, CPI candidate to municipal elections, explained in an interview: “For us, fascism is a reference point, an historical root”.

Furthermore, CPI has organised several protests targeting the Roma minority (as in May 2019, for instance).

Every year, CPI organises the commemoration of the so-called Acca Larentia killings, where three neo-fascist activists were killed in 1978. During the 2018 commemoration, CPI members were filmed performing the fascist salute in Rome.

In March 2019, CPI organised a commemoration and a concert for the hundredth anniversary of the advent of fascism. During the concert of ZetaZeroAlfa, whose members are also members of the party, the militants could be seen wearing t-shirts inciting to fascism and doing the fascist salute.

Significance

While CPI has no seats in the Italian Parliament, its electoral score has been improving throughout the years: 0.15% in 2013, 0.95% in the 2018 Chamber of Deputies elections.

It is quite represented in Lazio Region (nearby Rome), with members in local councils. The mayor of Todia (Umbria region), Antonino Ruggiano, is supported by CPI, and a party member, Andrea Nulli, is part of the local council.


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Last update 18-05-2019


FdI_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Brothers of Italy (FdI) is a conservative and nationalist Italian party born in December 2012, in opposition to Silvio Berlusconi’s leadership. In its statute, it is defined as a movement inspired by national tradition, liberal and popular values.

In economic matters, it supports the idea of leaving Euro currency in order to return to Lira, the former Italian currency and the execution of protectionist reforms to safeguard Made in Italy products.

Ever since its foundation, FdI carries out strict positions on the migration topic, and aims at stopping the landings on Italian coasts or avoiding the concession of Italian citizenship for those who, even if born in Italy, are descendant of immigrants.

Regarding civil rights, it considers traditional family as the core structure of society, and stands against same-sex marriage and adoption, in line with a fundamentalist interpretation of Catholic religion.

Significance

FdI got 4.35% of votes in the March 2018 elections, allowing it to obtain 32 out of 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 18 out of 320 in the Senate. The party is currently in opposition.


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Last update 19-05-2019


FN_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

New Force (FN) is an Italian political party founded in 1997.

One of its founders and current leader Roberto Fiore was possibly involved in the far-right terrorist Bologna massacre in 1980.

FN is widely known as a fascist and racist party. They regularly produce violent and discriminatory posters, such as one showing a Black man about to rape a white woman, with the text “We have to defend her from the new invader” and “She can be your mother, sister or daughter”.

The party participated in the World Congress of Families XIII in Verona in March 2019, “the largest annual gathering of pro-family leaders from around the world”, along with speakers such as Matteo Salvini (Lega Nord, Italy), Giorgia Meloni (Brothers of Italy, Italy) or Katalin Novak (Fidesz, Hungary).

FN stands against women’s right to abortion and same-sex marriage, declaring that homosexuality is against nature. In 2017, while two men were getting married, FN spread an epitaph reading “Gay wedding, Italy’s funeral”.

On its website, the party encourages the organisation of “Walks for security”, militias patrolling the streets to allegedly maintain security against “foreign criminality”.

On 23 March 2019, the party organised in several Italian cities the centenary celebration of the Fasci Italiani di Combattimento, a political organisation funded by Mussolini in 1919.

In the last years, FN members were regularly accused of carrying out violent actions against minority groups, including migrants and Roma.

Significance

FN currently has no sits in the Italian Parliament, but is in contact with other bigger far-right parties such as Lega Nord (see below) and Brothers of Italy (see above). During the last 2018 Italian general elections, they gathered 0,38% of votes in the Chamber of Deputies, and 0,49% in the Senate of the Republic.

In some regions of Italy, FN has links with right-wing regional councils.

At the European level, it belongs to the European far-right party Alliance for Peace and Freedom.


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Last update 20-05-2019


LN_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Lega Nord (LN) is an Italian party born between 1989 and 1991, as a merger of six regional autonomist movements active in northern Italy.

LN was initially promoting the interests and the independence of northern Italy (Padania), against inhabitants of southern Italy, considered as “parasites” and “underdeveloped”.

However, in recent years, as LN sought to gain more support in the country, its discriminatory rethoric started to be directed at migrants.

Its members, starting from its leader Matteo Salvini, use hate speech and discrimination as political tools, in order to create division and resentment in the Italian society. LN’s main slogan is “Italians first”, and party members constantly refers to minorities in a denigratory way, especially to migrants, refugees, Roma community, and whoever expresses public support to minorities.

During a demonstration against the construction of a mosque in Milan in January 2015, Matteo Salvini declared that “Islam is dangerous (…) Now is not the time to build more mosques”, equating Muslims with terrorists.

In addition, the party stands against LGBT+ rights, and voted against the proposed law on same-sex marriage in 2016.

Significance

LN is currently part of the Italian government, together with the populist Five Star Movement (M5S).

In the 2018 Italian general election, Lega Nord reached 17.37% of the votes for the Chamber of Deputies, and 17,63% for the Senate of the Republic.

In the last years, LN has obtained seats in regional councils across Italy.

According to poll estimations, LN is expected to reach 32% of the votes in the European elections.

In April 2019, Matteo Salvini announced the constitution of a new European political group after the 2019 EP Elections: the European Alliance of Peoples and Nations.


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Last update 20-05-2019

Latvia

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NA_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

National Alliance (NA) is a Latvian political party founded in 2011, as a merge of two other parties, All for Latvia! and For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK (TB/LNNK), often characterised as racist and ultra-nationalist.

The party takes a radical stance against migrants and local (mostly Russian-speaking) minorities, most notably against bilingual education and naturalisation.

Its short programme for the 2018 parliamentary election includes a chapter “A Latvian Latvia”. It reads: “We shall continue transition to education in the official language on all levels of education, starting from kindergartens (..) We shall support raising the share of ethnic Latvians in Latvia (…) we shall defend ethnic Latvian youth from discrimination in labour market due to not speaking Russian (…) We shall get the state to defend the good reputation and memory of Latvia’s freedom fighters, including Latvian Legion soldiers.”

The detailed party programme includes many other statements similar in spirit, like “not to create obstacles for emigration of Russian-speakers” and “caring about Latvian citizenship not being imposed on those not willing it (..) Liberalising naturalisation for non-citizens is undesirable”. The last needs to be read in the view of mass statelessness among ethnic minorities in Latvia.

Party member Edvins Snore wrote in a newspaper in 2017: “As Alfreds Berzins [..] once said, if you once put Russian louse on a fur coat, it will be difficult to get it out. Indeed, we see that Russian-speaking immigrants of the USSR period, although permanently spewing hatred to Latvia, do not go away. At least, not to the extent that ethnic Latvians would like it. The process is the opposite.”

In 2018, party leader Raivis Dzintars described in a statement Waffen SS Latvian Legion as “freedom fighters”.

By the end of 2018, NA strongly, and sucessfully, pushed against the Latvian Parliament’s adoption of (non-binding) UN Migration Compact.

Significance

NA has 13 out of 100 seats in the Latvian Parliament (elected in October 2018), including its Speaker. It is part of the acting government, with 2 portfolios (Culture and Agriculture).

The party has 1 out of 8 Latvian seats in the European Parliament.


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Last update 20-05-2019

Lithuania

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Luxembourg

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Malta

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Netherlands

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FvD_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Forum for Democracy (FvD) was founded in 2016 by a right-wing intellectual, Thierry Baudet, known for his controversial comments before he entered politics.

The party opposes the EU, and campaigns for a referendum on Dutch EU withdrawal.

It argues that the Dutch culture should be protected, for example through border controls and ending “mass migration”.

In his speech after the 2019 Dutch provincial elections, Thierry Baudet referred to the “boreal world”, a term popularised within French far-right groups as an alternative to “Aryan”, also used by Jean-Marie Le Pen, the founder of France’s National Front (now National Rally).

In the same speech, he argued that our civilisation is being attacked by journalists, universities, migration. He frequently argues that Dutch/Western civilisation is at an impending downfall, and that FvD will be the party to prevent this from happening.

In the past, Baudet said that he agreed with “pickup artist” Julien Blanc’s idea that women desire “to be overpowered and dominated”.

Baudet has also stated that cultural self-hatred has led to attempts to “homeopathically dilute the Dutch population with all the peoples of the world, so that the Dutch will cease to exist.” He later claimed that this was not about race, but about culture.

In 2017, Thierry Baudet met for five hours with American racist and nationalist Jared Taylor. Taylor is considered an ideologist in the alt-right and part of groups supporting white supremacy.

In the Media

Significance

FvD first participated in elections in the 2017 Dutch general elections, where it won 2 seats in the House of Representatives. Since then, it has gone through an enormous growth, and in the 2019 provincial elections, it became the biggest party, with a total of 14.4% of the votes.

For the 2019 European elections, FvD is expected to become the biggest Dutch party in the European Parliament, with around 17% of the votes.


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Last update 20-05-2019


PVV_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

The Party for Freedom (PVV) is a nationalist, right-wing populist political party in the Netherlands. It was founded in 2006 and is led by Geert Wilders.

The PVV is strongly opposed to immigration, especially of Muslim people, and has for example proposed to ban the Quran and to shut down all mosques in the Netherlands.

It is also consistently Eurosceptic and advocates for a withdrawal from the EU.

The PVV has in the past acted discriminatorily towards immigrants from central and eastern Europe.

It also has an history of using the “protection” of certain minorities (e.g. Jews, the LGBTQ community) to push their islamophobic agenda. In the past, PVV-leader Geert Wilders has had contacts with the Islamophobic German movement Pegida.

Significance

In the last national elections in 2017, the PVV received 13.1 % of the votes, for a total of 20 out of 150 seats in the House of Representatives. It is in the opposition.

In the Senate, PVV is currently at 5 seats after the elections in 2019. It lost a lot of voters to another right-wing party, Forum for Democracy (see above).


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Last update 18-05-2019

Poland

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KORWiN_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Confederation is a Polish political alliance established in 2018.

Grzegorz Braun, a Polish intellectual notorious for its antisemitism and homophobia, joined the alliance soon after its creation. In an interview with the Polish Radio in May 2019, he made several discriminatory statements, as for instance:

“We want to return to normality. We want to live in Poland, not in the Eurokolkhoz Land, not in the Republic of Polin Friends, not in some rainbow republic in which Jews, sodomites, communists impose on Poles not only how to rule, what is the state system, but also how we are to raise our children, about what history we can remember, what traditions we are allowed to cultivate. […] This is something we should not accept. Dictate of Brussels Eurocommissioners, dictates of Jewish governesses. […] The President of the Republic of Poland is a Jewish lackey”.

Significance

According to a poll carried out in May 2019, Confederation could get 6% of Polish votes during the EP Elections.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Portugal

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Romania

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Slovakia

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LSNS_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Kotleba – People’s Party Our Slovakia (ĽSNS) is a Slovak political party established in 2011.

According to its website, ĽSNS “aims to reshape Slovak Republic with the goal to become (…) safe for all decent citizens so they are not terrorized by gypsy (…) Christian and morally preserved so that traditional Christian values are applied instead of western liberalism which encourages atheism, materialism, consumerism, dangerous sects and sexual deviations (…) National so that the Slovaks are in control of Slovakia and not in the service of foreigners, immigrants and ethnic minorities.”

Significance

During the 2016 Slovak parliamentary election, ĽSNS got 8.04% of the votes, and is sitting in the Parliament in opposition.

The party was in the regional council in Banská Bystrica between 2013 and 2017.

ĽSNS is expected to get about 13% of votes in the 2019 European Parliamentary Elections.


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Last update 20-05-2019


Slovenia

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Spain

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Vox_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Vox is a political party in Spain founded on 17 December 2013, by former members of the People’s Party (PP). The party is described variously as right-wing or far-right.

Vox ran for the first time in the 2014 European elections but narrowly failed to win a seat in the European Parliament.

The party plans to “control immigration flows depending on the needs of our national economy and of the new arrivals’ ability to integrate into Spanish society and accept our values. There will be country quotas with favorable treatment for nationalities who share our language and who have significant cultural and friendship ties with Spain.”

As for illegal immigrants, Vox wants to deport them, and to go after non-profit groups that help them get to Spain. If a migrant still manages to enter the country illegally, he or she will “be permanently ineligible for legal status, and thus ineligible for any form of state aid.” Years of residency in Spain would not be considered an acceptable cause for naturalization.

Vox can also be caracterised as anti-feminist, as it stands against women abortion rights.

Significance

During the 2019 Spanish General Elections, Vox gained 10.26% of the votes, securing 24 seats out of 350 in the Parliament.


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Last update 18-05-2019

Sweden

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SD_UNITED 19EP Index Parties

Description

Sweden Democrats (SD) was founded in 1988 and has its roots in Swedish fascism. Through the early 1990s, it was primarily a white nationalist movement. Today, SD officially rejects both fascism and Nazism.

SD members describe themselves as social conservative with a nationalist foundation. Sociologist Jens Rydgren has described the party as xenophobic, racist and right-wing populist.

It is openly against immigration. It wants to reinstate a “common Swedish national identity” and reject the policy of multiculturalism.

It is also critical of the special rights given to the indigenous Sami people of northern Sweden.

SD advocates for a traditional nuclear family, and while claiming that it is not hostile against the LGBT community, criticise what it calls a “Homosex lobby”. At the same time, it has at times used the position of LGBT people to advocate anti-immigration and anti-Islam standpoints.

In the Media

Significance

SD first crossed the 4% threshold necessary for parliamentary representation in 2010, polling 5.7%. In 2018, it reached around 17.5% and became Sweden’s third largest party.

For the EP elections, SD is at around 13-19% of voting intention in the polls. In 2014, it had 9.7% of the overall votes in Sweden.


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Last update 18-05-2019

United Kingdom

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